Study Tips

STUDENT EXPENSES AND INCOME. WHY DOES A STUDENT NEED TO WORK

Choosing to study in Canada, many applicants ask themselves the question of employment in advance. The extra money promises a more comfortable life, fewer restrictions on spending, and faster adaptation in Canadian society and its labor market. But to start working in Canada, college and university students need to familiarize themselves with the mandatory rules of employment – learn about opportunities, restrictions, prospects. The approximate salary level and the available student vacancies will also facilitate the procedure for choosing a job for a foreign student during the holidays or even while studying.

Where do students spend money and why work is needed many students, both Canadians and foreigners, want to not only spend money while studying but also earn something. Why is this so, let’s see where the money is being spent? If the cost of studying at the same college for the same program for foreign students is the same, then the rest of the costs can only be discussed in conjunction with the word “average”. For example, living expenses while studying, but excluding tuition fees will average CAD 1000-1800 per month, depending on the province and the student’s needs. It is clear, however, that this amount can be either lower if you save on everything, and much higher, if the student has enough money and he does not need to count money. They all live differently.

A lot also depends on the province, for example, if a student travels to study in the most expensive province of Canada – British Columbia (British Columbia) and its most expensive city Vancouver, then it will be more expensive to pay. The total living expenses, but again without the tuition fees, can grow on average up to 2000 Canadian dollars per month.

The cost of living includes expenses for:

  • directly housing;
  • travel by public transport (quite rare options when foreign students travel by taxi or by their car, we do not take into account);
  • food.

Each of these cost items allows for the possibility of both saving and, conversely, making the costs more significant when the student can afford a more comfortable life.

Where will the international student live and how much will it cost? Students in Canada generally choose the following monthly payment options:

  • dormitories (residences) for students – 400-700 CAD (Note: CAD – Canadian dollar);
  • rooms in Canadian families – 450-850 CAD;
  • collective rent with friends – CAD 350-750 per person.

The advantage of living in a residence is that the residences are usually located on the campus where students study. Thus, the costs of public transport are sharply reduced or even almost eliminated. And transport in Canada is quite expensive. The downside is that you will have to pay extra for food. Usually, there is an opportunity to purchase a meal plan for a month, something like a coupon, which allows you to eat in a variety of cafes or cafeterias on the territory of the residence, while significantly saving.

The advantage of living with a host family is that, as a rule, 2 or 3 meals a day are included in the cost of payment. Thus, you don’t have to worry about breakfast and dinner. The downside is limited communication with other students outside of school hours.

Collective renting with friends is a freeman, as a rule, practiced by senior students who are already quite familiar with Canadian life. Knowing where to look, you can find a very profitable option that allows you to significantly save on living with the proper level of comfort of this very stay.

Additionally, they may be asked to pay extra for:

  • communal apartment: water, electricity, heat, etc. – 100-150 CAD;
  • Internet – 40-80 CAD, depending on traffic volume.
  1. Meal options for nonresident students

Cooking yourself is the cheapest. A basic set of products is easy to obtain from local shops and supermarkets. The most popular among young people in the chain retailers Food Basics, Walmart, No Frills. You can also eat in cafes, restaurants, fast food outlets.

The approximate level of spending in each case:

  • cooking at home – up to 300 CAD per month;
  • to have lunch or dinner at a restaurant will cost – 10-30 CAD;
  • fast food in a restaurant like KFC – about CAD 10 per snack.

As mentioned above, when living in a residence, you can purchase a so-called meal plan by paying for it immediately one month in advance, which allows you to significantly save money in student cafes on campus.

You can also eat at Chinese buffet restaurants. You pay a certain amount and then an unlimited number of approaches to the displayed food. The food is quite varied. There is a rich selection of first and second courses and a very large selection of various desserts. The amount that needs to be paid for such a “belly feast” is quite high. The cheapest day is on weekdays, on weekends you will have to pay more. There are such Chinese buffets in many cities in Canada. In Toronto, for example, Chinese food outlets are scattered throughout the city.

  1. Transportation costs

For college and university students aged 17-25, the state provides discounts on public transport passes. But, of course, you can also take a taxi if you have a lot of money or need it urgently and there are no traffic jams.

The approximate level of transportation costs:

  • travel card – 90 CAD per month;
  • one trip – 3 CAD;
  • taxi – 2-6 CAD per kilometer.

Small expenses gradually add up to large amounts, so the issue of replenishing the budget is acute for many. Also, students are impressed by the opportunity to supplement their future resume with a line about work in a Canadian company during their studies, which can be a big plus for further employment in a permanent job after graduating from college or university.

  1. And who can foreign students work in Canada?

Students don’t have much time to work. Therefore, we only consider part-time jobs with hourly pay. There are many of them in Canada. The spread of wages is wide and depends only on the qualification level of the employee:

  • 10-15 CAD – call center worker, assistant manager, aquarium cleaner, apartment cleaner, dishwasher;
  • 15-20 CAD – nanny, salesman, cook;
  • 20-25 CAD – accountant.

In the summer, you can earn extra money – also with pay per hour:

  • artist, show host – 13 CAD;
  • coordinator, holiday organizer – 15 CAD;
  • harvesting, field worker – up to 15 CAD.

The works are varied and accessible to the majority, but at the same time, we must not forget about the rules. Some points must be followed.

 

  1. Rules of employment

The advantage of working as a student is the ability to do without a Work Permit, a document allowing a foreigner to work in Canada. All full-time students are eligible for formal employment by default. The main thing is to comply with the prescribed restrictions:

  • 20 hours of work – in the course of study, during the semester;
  • 40 hours of work – on holidays, vacations, long weekends.

A student can work 20 hours a week off-campus if at least one of the requirements is met. Consider the relationship between opportunities and rights to work:

  • full-time education – during the academic year;
  • passing intensive programs – only in the absence of planned breaks;
  • completion of the last semester – when the educational process is given an incomplete day;
  • “Postgraduate” position – only after completing the required degree courses.

Laws are strictly adhered to in Canada, so employers must check with students about the availability of an off-campus opportunity. In case of violation of the listed requirements, a refusal can always follow.

If a student does not have a special permit to work, then he must:

  • have a student residence permit – an unexpired study permit;
  • study at the full-time department of a university that can accept foreign applicants – included in the list of Designated Learning Institution;
  • take an academic or professional program – to obtain a certificate, diploma, degree;
  • have a social security number;
  • study on a program lasting from 6 months.

Ignoring the above procedures can lead to the deportation of a working student from the country, so it is not worth the risk. For the same reason, an employee is obliged to quit on his own if he suddenly ceases to meet any requirements.

Interestingly, each province has its own rules for working youth. For example, in Manitoba, students under the age of 16 cannot be hired in industrial plants or construction sites.

  1. Educational restrictions

Not all programs are allowed off-campus. Students will not be able to find a job:

  • students at linguistic faculties using the ESL or FSL methodology – learning a second language as a mother tongue;
  • attending developmental courses – as a hobby or for fun;
  • those receiving education in preparatory courses;
  • located in Canada for the exchange between universities.
  1. The campus of the university is also a place to work!

The most convenient type of work is combined with study. Students can agree on such an option:

  • universities included in the Designated Learning Institution list;
  • daytime forms of education;
  • with Study Permit;
  • have a social security number;
  • students for more than six months;
  • with good academic performance.

You can work for the entire period of validity of the document permitting study.

Among the options for jobs are all the activities of the student life of the campus:

  • restaurants;
  • library rooms;
  • laboratory rooms;
  • Sport halls;
  • theaters;
  • laundries.

It is permissible to work on the territory of the same municipality – even on neighboring campuses. If you want to work in another city, then, at least, you need to be a student-researcher and engage in the development of a specific grant or refers to the teachers or researchers of the college. In this case, access is open to vacancies in libraries, laboratories, hospitals.

Employers in the case of work on the university campus are:

  • administration of faculties;
  • teachers;
  • communities of students or athletes;
  • private businessmen;
  • various contractors.

Self-employment is also possible.

  1. You can’t do without SIN!

A SIN – Social Security Number – is a must-have for everyone working in Canada. The request for registration of the number is submitted to the State Service Canada. The basis for obtaining will be a document authorizing study and work. There are two options:

  • Work under the criteria of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulation (IRPR), paragraph 186 (v) – part-time work while studying and full-time work during holidays;
  • Section 186 works f, v, and won or off-campus.

Meeting the required criteria is not enough. You also need to make sure that all the required points are spelled out in the study permit. If they are not there, then you need to make changes to the document before sending the application to the SIN. The service is free.

Similarly, you can make the necessary changes when choosing a different training program. But in this case, you will need to pay a fee.

  1. How to search for vacancies for students

The best option for quick employment:

  • cooperation with student associations or trade union committee;
  • contacting the career department of the university;
  • volunteer assignments;
  • participation in conferences, job fairs;
  • using websites to find student vacancies in Canada.

The choice is great, and there is always the opportunity to find a well-paid job of interest or even a professional profile.

 

 

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